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Regions are a highly disputed yet crucial concept in the study of human geography and also can be studied together they relate to space, place, and also location. Regions allow us come generalize around a common characteristic so us can far better group them. Human geography is no just came to with describing cultural patterns, however with analyzing how lock came around and their meaning.

Five Themes the Geography

A examine of location does not just involve discovering where to discover a selection of people and also places top top a map. That is just as vital for you, as a geographer, to know why you uncover those people in that specific place, and how those places affect their lives, your neighbor’s lives, and also your life. You have the right to use the 5 themes of geography as a means to understand geographic information so you can better appreciate social and environmental changes around the world.

The five themes of geography are:

LocationHuman/environmental interactionsRegionsPlaceMovement

A region is an area ~ above the earth determined by two typical characteristics: physical and also political geography. Physical areas are functions such as deserts, mountains, and lakes. Human-kind specifies political regions by creating political limits like the borders of countries.

Why room Regions crucial to human Geographers?

Standard federal regions.

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In geography, a region is a component of the planet defined by a level the similarity based on certain features. Regions are locations that re-superstructure both human and also physical characteristics. A an ar is what links places together using any factor the you, as the human being geographer, choose. Those factors are common traits such as culture, political system, religious beliefs, language or physical features. Regions deserve to be mapped and also studied. Where chroniclers group occasions in one era together “periods”, geographers group areas spatially right into “regions”.

Regions of the people can and do overlap such as the locations of south-east Asia and Asia. Regions also have transitional borders like in between North Africa and also Sub-Saharan Africa. Some regions are based on society (language or religion), while physics geography defines others. There is not total agreement, however, among geographers on just how all areas are defined. One geographer may place Chad in the an ar of phibìc Africa, and also another would certainly classify Chad as component of central Africa. Geographers will additionally use two various terms to describe the exact same area; the center East and also Southwest Asia, for example.

What space the Different types of Regions?

Now that we know that a an ar is an area that shares both human and physical characteristics, let’s look at the three species of regions in geography. Formal, functional and perceptual regions consist of the three classifications of regions used to organize facility ideas into less complicated divisions. These three types of regions are of attention to geographers, engineers, and also cartographers.

Formal (Uniform) region

A formal an ar is one area through a high level of consistency in a certain social or physics attribute. Formal regions are uniform or homogeneous areas where anyone in that an ar shares common characteristics or traits favor language, climate or political system. Formal areas are primarily used to determine and also outline political, social and economic regions. It additionally can be explained as any kind of geographic ar with plainly delineated boundaries whose area is established, and also there is no disagreement over the area a formal an ar occupies.

Functional (Nodal) an ar

A functional an ar in location is one area focused on a node, focal length point, or main hub surrounding by interconnecting linkages. The primary node in a functional region features surrounding locations with usual social, political, or economic purposes the relate to trade, communications, or transportation. In other words, a functional region has a certain collection of activities or interaction that occur within it, organized approximately a center node or focal distance point. The main node likewise has a ball of economic and social influence that is much less noticeable in areas much more removed native it.

A practical region, for example, deserve to be a region that is organized roughly something central, such as a city. The circulation of its services is limited to a specific area, which is its useful or main nodal region. Other examples of a functional an ar could be the bank of America or FedEx.

Perceptual (Vernacular) region

A perceptual or vernacular region is identified by feelings and also prejudices that might or may not be true. The can additionally be an idea the a person’s psychological map. It can be regarded as how world think about or perceive a region based on components that may not reflect the truth, such as the scriptures Belt or Hillbilly region. As soon as labeling perceptual regions, there room common assumptions made about the place or people.

For example, if friend say, “this town is living in the past, and also there are no job opportunities” it points come a perceptual region. An additional person might see the same place totally differently. They could say, “there are possibilities for growth, and new business avenues in this town”. A perceptual an ar does no exist in the literal sense, and the region it inhabits is not clearly defined. Geographers regularly differ ~ above the ar of a provided perceptual region, the is dependent totally upon personal perspective and based top top opinion quite than fact. Perceptual areas may, in some cases, contradict facts or regions emerged by geographers.

What do you think of once you hear the phrase “Little Italy”? What words, phrases or psychological images concerned mind? how you awareness that expression helps you know perceptual regions.

FRQ 3: The an ar is a highly contested yet vital concept in the examine of human geography. What is a region and why is it vital to person geographers? perform three species of regions, specify them and list an example of each.

Sample Answer: A an ar is what web links places together using any parameter the geographer chooses. Three types of areas are formal, vernacular, and also functional. Formal regions are uniform. Anyone shares in common one or more distinctive characteristic. An example would it is in the Mid West being considered the Corn Belt because corn is your distinctive characteristic. Vernacular regions are perceptual. They room a location that people believe exists as part of their social identity. An example would be people thinking that sweet tea once they think that “the South”. Practical regions space nodal. They space an area organized about a focal point. They room tied come that main point by transportation, economics, or communication systems. An example would be the area of Tampa that receives the Tampa Tribune.


The an ar outlined over contains distribution destinations served by unified Trucking. I m sorry of the following classifications best fits this region?

A. Functional

B. Formal

C. Vernacular

D. Mental


Correct Answer:

(A) A functional region consists of a node and also the places attached to that main point through some sort of movement. In this instance the an ar is developed by the movement of joined Trucking’s solutions to customers in the places within the borders shown in the diagram. (B) explains a place with a uniform trait, such as language, existing throughout the area. (C), (D), and also (E) describe regions choose the scriptures Belt or the south in the joined States—regions with boundaries marked by people’s principles rather than overtly measurable characteristics.

Wrapping increase Regions


Check the end our other short articles on AP Human Geography.

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