Inspired by the recently closed question. Most modern media call a vampire/werewolf cross breed “hybrids”. Do these hybrids exist in mythology or ancient literature at all? If they do what are they called?
As implied by Christi”s post, the Romanian legends (which is the base for most of the popular Western material concerning the behavior of werewolves and vampires) actually intricately link vampires and werewolves. In the “original” stories, a werewolf becomes a vampire by being killed and then improperly disposed of; if simply buried, the werewolf will rise from the dead as a vampire.
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So, there is no such thing as a “hybrid” in the traditional vampire mythologies. They have common origins, but the traditional stories have both of these creatures wanting humans more for food than anything else, and not generally dealing with their brother species. The idea of a hybrid is mostly a “newer than they think they are” trope along the lines of “wouldn”t it be cool if…”
I don”t think I can do any better than this.
Summary: No specific word exists, although the Romanian word Vârcolac would be a good candidate since it can mean either vampire or werewolf.
There is a word for a vampire-human hybrid – dhampyre.
Neither the vampire myth nor the werewolf myth universally treated those conditions as transmittable ones. See Creating Vampires and Becoming a werewolf on Wikipedia.
It is likely that hybrids did not exist in folklore; or if they did (e.g., a werewolf who drank blood or a vampire that could transform into wolf form) they would simply be called by one term or the other.
I think I can remember in some sitcom, the hybrid of vampire and werewolf was called “Werepire”. Not sure if canon or just a funny dialogue.
Coming to history, some myths have were-wolfs drinking blood. But this could be just a side effect of the attack and not for satisfying hunger. So a shapeshifter who drank blood would still be called a werewolf and so it might have been a case of mistaken chronicling and the idea of hybrid more modern due to man”s penchant to create more and more horrible creatures in fiction.
But if we look at religious mythology, we have creatures drinking blood but are neither werewolf nor vampire. (ex: god narasimha in indian mythology.) So If one can find similar charactersitics even though they are neither werewolf nor vampire but have either”s qualities, that would be the answer. remember that in different mythologies, werewolfs might not even be called werewolfs even if they fall under the same category. On the same principle we should look at creatures based on their characteristics rather than the name.