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A TEACHER’S overview TOALIGNED come THE typical CORE“There is a land of the living and also a soil of the dead and also the leg is love, the just survival, the only meaning.” —from The leg of mountain Luis Reywww.HarperAcademic.comA T E AC H ER ’ S G U ns D E T O T H O R N T O N W i L D E R ’S T H E B R i would G E O F SA N LU IS R E Y2Table of contents Note to teachers 3About this guide 3Before You read 3Guided Reading concerns 4Part One: perhaps an Accident 4Part Two: The Marquesa de Montemayor 4Part Three: Esteban 5Part Four: Uncle Pio 6Part Five: possibly an intention 8Afterward 9 Writing and also Research Prompts 10Explanatory/Informational Prompts 10Argumentation Prompts 12Narrative Prompts 13Links of attention 14Books of interest 14Works by Thornton Wilder 15About This Guide’s author 15A T E AC H ER ’ S G U ns D E T O T H O R N T O N W i L D E R ’S T H E B R identifier G E O F SA N LU IS R E Y3Note to teachers Thornton Wilder’s Pulitzer Prize-winning novel, The bridge of san Luis Rey, will be fantastic addition to your curriculum. The fits beautifully right into courses focusing on human being literature. It can be provided as a cornerstone text in multi-genre thematic systems on wisdom literature, moral fables, inquiries of fate, and types of love. Teachers are urged to review Russell Banks’s terrific foreword come the novel prior to teaching the unit. The supplementary products in the Perennial classics edition that the text carry out a affluent backdrop for trying out the novel’s inception, influence, and enduring legacy. The Thornton Wilder society and The Thornton Wilder family members Official Website are wonderful resources to support the research of this essential American writer. The inquiries and activities in this teaching guide were composed to assistance standards-based instruction. The bridge of san Luis Rey meets the typical for range of Reading and also Level of Text intricacy for grades 9-12. Because the novel’s structure and thematic content are complex, the CCSS for 11-12 class level students were provided in this guide. A finish list the the typical Core State Standards deserve to be discovered at You will do it find an ext guides aligned come the common Core State criter here.About this overview This Teacher’s guide is split into 2 sections. The first, “Guided reading Questions,” will assist students with analysis comprehension and appreciation. Much of the characterization in this novel is indirect, and these questions will guide students come infer definition from the text. This questions deserve to be used as a guide for annotating the text, newspaper responses, or discussion. The second section, “Writing and also Research Prompts,” consists of analytical writing and also research prompts and is subdivided into genres based upon the usual Core writing standards. A selection of prompts are contained for every genre, and teachers are motivated to select those the are ideal suited for their students. The argumentation prompts deserve to be modification for use in Socratic seminars or course debates if a teacher desire to focus on Speaking and Listening standards.Before You read As one activating strategy, overview students in a discussion of the question, “Why do negative things happen?” Ask them to think about a current tragedy. What questions does this tragedy raise? how would different groups of civilization (victims, survivors, politicians, theologians, academics, etc) answer the question, “Why go this happen?” do they find any type of of these answers satisfactory? define that The bridge of san Luis beam will interact with this questions. Share v students Tony Blair’s solution to 9/11, Danny Heitman’s essay from the wall Street Journal and John Kass’ essay native The Chicago Tribune.A T E AC H ER ’ S G U ns D E T O T H O R N T O N W ns L D E R ’S T H E B R id G E O F SA N LU IS R E Y4Guided Reading concerns CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.10 Write regularly over expanded time frames (time for research, reflection, and revision) and shorter time frames (a solitary sitting or a day or two) for a range of tasks, purposes, and audiences.PART ONE: perhaps AN ACCIDENT 1. Why execute you think Wilder includes the following description: “The body of the victims were approximately accumulated and about separated from one another” (6)? What walk this suggest about the degree of the tragedy? CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.4 2. What effect does the fallen of the bridge have on the Peruvians? Why do you think lock were influenced so strongly by this specific accident? assistance your answer through details from the text. CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1 3. Analyze the method that Wilder introduce the leader to brothers Juniper. What room the an initial details the leader learns about Brother Juniper? Why is the collapse of the bridge particularly shocking come him? CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.3 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.5 4. What theological inquiry does the collapse of the bridge raise for brother Juniper? What does he hypothesize the the answer come his concern will be? just how does he intend to prove his hypothesis? CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1 5. Why is the truth that the bridge collapse appears to be an plot of God essential to brothers Juniper? CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.2 6. What go the narrator’s note that brother Juniper’s study was “publicly shed on a beautiful feather morning” suggest about the results of his attempt to “justify the methods of God to man”(8)? CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.6 7. Examine the mood and also tone of this section of the book. What perform you an alert about the narrative voice? Who perform you think the narrator is? support your analysis with details textual details. CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1PART TWO: THE MARQUESA DE MONTEMAYOR 1. Why is the Marquesa de Montemayor famous? CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1 2. Summary the Marquesa’s beforehand life. How would you define her relationships with her parents and her husband? CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1 3. Wilder explains the Marquesa’s love for she daughter as “idolatrous”(14). What walk this term suggest around their relationship? CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.4 4. Exactly how did Doña Clara’s marriage impact her mother? Cite certain textual details in your response. CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1 5. What function did letter-writing pat in Doña Maria’s life? What emotions go it enable her come express? exactly how did Doña Clara answer to her mother’s correspondence? CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.3 6. Just how did the expertise that she would never ever be love in return influence the Marquesa? CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.2 7. The narrator introduce a collection of excerpts native the correspondence between Doña Maria and also her daughter by noting the they save on computer “a collection of inconspicuous events that had actually a good deal to tell around the within life the the Marquesa”(18). What carry out you think the excerpts top top the following pages reveal about her inside life? CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.5A T E AC H ER ’ S G U i D E T O T H O R N T O N W ns L D E R ’S T H E B R i would G E O F SA N LU IS R E Y58. Define the humiliation that the Marquesa suffered at the theater. What perform you think encouraged Camila (Perichole) to humiliation the Marquesa? Why was the Marquesa oblivious to the insults (what was she thinking around instead)? Who argued that she leave the theater? CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1 9. Summarize the three factors that the Viceroy had for demanding the Camila apologize come the Marquesa. CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1 10. How does the Marquesa respond to Camila’s apology? What story does she tell about her daughter? Why go her response fill Camila through shame and consternation? CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1 11. Describe the vision and also mission the the Abbess Madre María del Pilar. What role did she envision Pepita play in her mission? Why walk she market the girl to the Marquesa together a companion? Cite certain textual evidence in your response. CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.3 12. How does the Marquesa respond come the news the her daughter is expecting a child? define her attempts to ensure the safe distribution of she daughter and also grandchild. Why do you think she goes to such extreme measures? CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1 13. Summary Pepita’s letter to the Abbess. Why carry out you think this letter impacts the Marquesa for this reason profoundly? CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1 14. What execute you think Pepita method when she states that she is no going to send the letter since it “wasn’t brave”(37)? What walk Pepita’s remark aid the Marquesa realize? CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.4 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.6 15. Read very first Corinthians 13 in the new Testament. Based on this summary of love, what revelations execute you think the Marquesa’s final letter to her daughter “known to Encyclopedists together her 2nd Corinthians” (38) contained? just how would these revelations relate come Pepita’s letter and remarks about bravery? CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.4 16. What execute you think the Marquesa way when she says, “Let me live now. Allow me begin again”(38)? CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.2 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.4PART THREE: ESTEBAN 1. How are Esteban and also Manuel associated to the Convent that Santa María Rosa? comparison the Abbess Madre María del Pilar’s partnership with the twins through her partnership with Pepina. Use certain textual evidence to assistance your answer. CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.3 2. Wilder writes, “Because they had no family, since they to be twins, and because they were carried up by women, they to be silent”(42). Define why each of these scenarios could contribute to the boys’ silence. CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.6 3. Identify and also analyze Wilder’s usage of figurative language to define the twins’ reaction to gift interrogated around their an enig language. CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1.4 4. Wilder describes the relationship in between the twins on web page 43 in a passage that starts with the line, “so love is poor to explain the tacit nearly ashamed oneness of these brothers.” Why do you think Wilder says that the word love is inadequate to describe their relationship? CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.2 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1 5. What comes between the unified of Esteban and Miguel? CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1A T E AC H ER ’ S G U i D E T O T H O R N T O N W i L D E R ’S T H E B R i would G E O F SA N LU IS R E Y66. On web page 45, Wilder contrasts the feelings the Manuel has actually for Camila Perichole with the feeling he had actually for other women. In your own words, summary the distinction in Manuel’s feelings. Why carry out you think Wilder points out that Manuel has actually not check out romantic literature? What is that suggesting about love? CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.6 7. What task does Camila rental Manuel to perform for her? based on the content of the letters, what can you infer about Camila’s factor for keeping them a secret? CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1 8. Just how does Esteban discover out around his brother’s feelings for Camila? exactly how does the react once he find out? CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1 9. Exactly how does the realization the Esteban feels excluded and miserable impact Manuel? What go he do in solution to his brother’s pain? CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1 10. What causes Esteban to inquiry whether or not Miguel resents him? perform you believe Miguel once he tells Esteban that he walk not have actually feelings because that Camila anymore? describe your price citing particular textual evidence as support. CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.2 11. Why go the Abbess visit Esteban? Why do you think he tells she his surname is Manuel? CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1 12. What carry out you think Wilder is implying about the Abbess once he writes “Another mrs would have actually said: ‘Do you remember just how much ns did because that you?’”(57). What is far-reaching about the reality that she inquiry Esteban come remember what that did because that her? CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.5 13. Why carry out you think the separation that the twins had such a profound result on the whole town? CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1 14. What idea walk the Abbess have while she is praying for the wisdom and also grace to aid Esteban? CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1 15. Research the way that Wilder introduces the personality of Captain Alvarado. (58) just how does he disclose that the Captain has been upper heart by the ns of his daughter? Why is this an effective structural and also narrative choice? CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.3 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.5 16. Cite the details textual proof that reveals that Esteban is suicidal. Why does he agree come go through Captain Alvarado? CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1 17. What does Captain Alvarado speak to comfort Esteban? (64) perform you uncover his indigenous reassuring? describe your answer. CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.2PART FOUR: UNCLE PIO 1. Wilder opens this section with excerpts indigenous the Marquesa de Montemayor’s letters that use figurative language to compare Uncle Pio to both an ant and also “a soiled pack of cards”(68). What do each of this similes suggest about Uncle Pio’s character and personality? CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.4 2. Define Uncle Pio’s past. What features contributed to his success? Why didn’t he ever settle on one career? CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1 3. What three aims did Uncle Pio eventually decide come pursue? just how did this three aims lead him to Camila? CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1 4. Summary Uncle Pio’s relationships v women. CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1A T E AC H ER ’ S G U i D E T O T H O R N T O N W i L D E R ’S T H E B R i would G E O F SA N LU IS R E Y75. Wilder notes that as soon as Uncle Pio meets Camila “the determination gone into his mind to play Pygmalion”(73). Study the Greek legend of Pygmalion and also explain this allusion. CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.4 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.6 6. Define the facility relationship between Uncle Pio and Camila Perichole. What walk it median to say, “they love one an additional deeply however without passion”(74). CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.2 7. Why walk Uncle Pio withhold prayer from Camila? analysis the conversation in between Camila and Uncle Pio on pages 75-6. Just how does Wilder use dialogue to reveal nuances of their relationship? just how does Uncle Pio’s criticism influence Camila? CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.3 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.6 8. Describe what the following line reveals about Don Andrés de Ribera, the Viceroy that Peru: “He to be a widower and childless of one enormous and wealthy woman; he had accumulated coins a little, wines, actresses, order, and also maps”(79). CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.4 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.6 9. How did Don Andrés add to Camila’s education? how did this impact her performances? CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1 10. Analyze the character of the Archbishop. What does the value? What walk he believe in? What has actually stopped him from acting on injustice? CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.2 11. How does Uncle Pio division the people (83)? according to him, what is the difference in between the two groups? CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1 12. Study Uncle Pio’s an interpretation of love. Carry out you agree or disagree through him? Why go he believe that Camila has never skilled love? CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.2 13. What do you think motivates Camila’s desire come “be a lady” (84)? What procedures does she take to achieve this preferred social status? Is she successful? CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.2 14. Who is Don Jaime? What attributes does the inherit from each of his parents? CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1 15. What does Uncle Pio want Camila come do? What does the ask forgiveness because that doing to her? CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1 16. What specific descriptive details indicate that Camila is relocated by Uncle Pio’s visit and also offer? just how does she respond to his expression that love? CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1 17. What perform you think Camila is asking forgiveness for when she asks Uncle Pio to forgive her? (89) CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1 18. Analyze the i that begins with the phrase, “She stood tho a moment, trying to find something deep felt come say come him…”(89). Research Wilder’s use of indirect characterization in this passage. What have the right to you infer around Camila’s feelings towards Uncle Pio? What does Uncle Pio’s solution suggest around the resolution of his visit? CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.5 19. Exactly how does contracting smallpox affect Camila physically, emotionally, and spiritually? Use certain details indigenous the text to assistance your answer. CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.2 20. Why perform you think Camila agrees come let Uncle Pio take her kid for a year? What does her decision suggest around the method she loves she son? explain your answer. CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.2A T E AC H ER ’ S G U ns D E T O T H O R N T O N W i L D E R ’S T H E B R identifier G E O F SA N LU IS R E Y8PART FIVE: possibly AN intention 1. Describe the meaning of the saying, “unless the bridge falls.” how does this relate to the idea of gift “under the knife of Damocles”(97)? CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.4 2. What to be it about the master at the university of san Martín that affected Brother Juniper’s worldview? What spiritual reality did brother Juniper want to scientifically prove? Cite particular evidence native the message to assistance your answer. CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.2 3. What was the result of brother Juniper’s very first attempt to prove that there to be a reason for the tragedy? CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1 4. Explain what Wilder way when that writes: “He tore up his findings and cast them into the waves; the gazed because that an hour ~ above the great clouds that pearl that hang forever upon the horizon that the sea, and also extracted from your beauty a resignation the he did no permit his factor to examine”(99). CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.4 5. What walk it median to say that the master of mountain Martín “resolved to expose this conspiracy the stone-cutters” (99)? What to be he hoping to prove? What method did he usage to test his hypothesis? What to be the result of his inquiry? CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.4 6. How was brother Juniper’s method for prove God’s intention comparable to the technique that his grasp at the university of san Martín used? CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.2 7. What reasons Wilder to observe that, “The art of biography is more daunting than is typically supposed”(100). CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.6 8. Read Wilder’s review of brothers Juniper’s conclusions about divine intentionally in the leg collapse. In your own words, depicted his findings. Perform you agree with him? explain your answer. CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.2 9. What happens to brother Juniper together a an outcome of his publishing of the book about the bridge collapse? CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1 10. Contrast the difference in between the way that Don Andrés and also Captain Alvarado mourn. Why perform you think Captain Alvarado says, “Happy space the drowned”(102)? CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.2 11. Explain what Wilder means when he states that the night prior to the Abbess “had take it an idol from she heart”(102)? What was this idol? What truth does the Abbess pertained to accept? What go the Abbess realize about the way she have to be living her life? CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.2 12. What is Camila convinced around after the bridge collapse? Why does she think that the tragedies in she life imply that she is being “spoken to”? What post does she think castle are sending out her? CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1 13. Why walk Camila decide to go to visit the Abbess? exactly how does the Abbess respond come her? CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1 14. Why does Doña Clara come to visit the Abbess? CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1 15. Describe the Abbess’ solution to the Marquesa de Montemayor’s critical letter: “Now learn…learn at last that almost everywhere you may expect grace”(106). CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.2 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.4 16. Why execute you think the Abbess offers Doña Clara a tour of the convent? What perform you think she is hoping will happen? CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.3 17. How has actually the Abbess’s technique to her work changed? Give details textual evidence to support your answer. CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.2A T E AC H ER ’ S G U ns D E T O T H O R N T O N W i L D E R ’S T H E B R id G E O F SA N LU IS R E Y918. What does Wilder reveal around what has actually happened to Camila? What walk this suggest around how she has readjusted as a result of shedding her son? CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1 19. In your own words, depicted the critical lines the the book. CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1AFTERWARD 1. Summarize some of the contemporary tragedies that have actually inspired essayists to reflect on Wilder’s novel. CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.11-12.1 2. Why did Wilder refuse to allow The leg of mountain Luis Rey to be adjusted for the stage? What adaptations did that allow? CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.11-12.1 3. What evidence says that Wilder was affected by Spain’s imperial background when he wrote The leg of mountain Luis Rey? CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.11-12.1 4. How can the reality that Wilder to be “a making it through twin” have influenced this novel? (120) CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.11-12.1 5. ~ above pages 120-123, Tappan Wilder recounts Wilder’s suffer writing The leg of san Luis Rey and also the prompt public response to the novel. What details the his account carry out you find an especially interesting or significant? define why these details stand the end to you. CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.11-12.1 6. Compare the early on version of the novel’s opening paragraph through the final version (pages 124-6). How do the transforms that Wilder made during revision affect the ton of the novel? support your prize with specific evidence indigenous the text. CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.5 7. Research the 1954 letter that Wilder created to man Glendening around the layout of The leg of mountain Luis Rey (found on pages 131-2). Why does Wilder say the publication is important? how does that relate the template of the novel come current world events? CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.11-12.1A T E AC H ER ’ S G U i D E T O T H O R N T O N W i L D E R ’S T H E B R i would G E O F SA N LU IS R E Y10Writing and also Research Prompts CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.2.4 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.2.5 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.2.9EXPLANATORY/INFORMATIONAL PROMPTS CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.2 (a-f) write informative/explanatory texts to examine and convey facility ideas, concepts, and also information plainly and accurately with the effective selection, organization, and evaluation of content. 1. In the foreword to the novel Russell banks states, “The leg of san Luis Rey can be check out as a writer’s hand-operated of style.” (xvi) develop a style manual that uses Wilder’s novel as your mentor text. Include passages indigenous the novel and a thorough analysis of their grammatical structure. CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.11-12.1a-b CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.11-12.2 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.11-12.3 2. Analyze the way that the template of love is occurred in the novel. Study the different types of love (agápe, éros, philía, and storgē) that are explored in each section of the book. Which character is connected with each type of love? just how are your lives impacted as a result? CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.2 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.9 3. On web page 70, Wilder perform the six qualities of the adventurer. Produce a multimedia advertisement for an adventurer, using these six features as your primary qualifications because that the position. In your advertisement, explain why every of the qualities is crucial and administer examples of human being (or fictitious characters) that exemplify each attribute. CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.6 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.9 4. Take into consideration the archbishop’s favourite notions the are discussed on page 81. Explain how each of these notions can be checked out in existing political discourse. CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.9 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.4 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.5 5. Wilder’s novel functions several solid female personalities (Camila, Abbess Madre María del Pilar, the Marquesa de Montemayor). Analyze the novel native a feminist perspective. What do each the these characters reveal about the duty of women? CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.9 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.4 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.5 6. Camila refutes Uncle Pio’s explanation of perfect love through observing, “There is no such point as that sort of love and also that sort of island. The in the theatre you discover such things”(89). Write an analytical essay that examines the means that love is illustrated in movie or the theater. Exactly how does this see of love contrast with the view of love in Wilder’s novel? CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.7 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.9 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.2 7. Analysis the novel together a moral fable. The leg of san Luis Rey, particularly the novel’s final lines are regularly referenced or quoted in eulogies, sermons, and reflective responses to tragedies. “There is a soil of the living and a floor of the dead and the leg is love, the only survival, the just meaning. (107)” Why is this details novel supplied to comfort civilization who room grieving? Use details textual evidence to support your analysis. CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.9 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.2 8. Watch among the film adaptations that The leg of mountain Luis Rey (1944, 2005) and compose a thoughtful analysis of the film, noting the transforms that the filmmakers made come Wilder’s text and evaluating the influence these transforms had top top the breakthrough of the plot, theme, and/or characters. CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.7 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.4 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.5 9. Consider “Thornton’s religious beliefs (A type letter for all inquirer’s and pigeonholers)” through Thornton Wilder’s older brothers Amos Niven Wilder (142-3). Why was A.N.W. Compelled to compose this letter? What theological questions execute you think The leg of san Luis Rey raises? In what certain ways go this letter clarify or complicated your knowledge of the novel? Use details textual examples to assistance your analysis. CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.9 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.2 10. Analysis the framework of the novel, noting the way that Wilder orders events and introduces characters. Pay particular attention to just how his choices affect the ton of the novel. In a letter to Professor Fraz H. Link, Wilder describes the influenceA T E AC H ER ’ S G U i D E T O T H O R N T O N W i L D E R ’S T H E B R identifier G E O F SA N LU IS R E Y11of classical literature on his novel: “Hence the ‘removed’ tone, the classical, the faintly ironic distance from the impassioned actions is the expression – also a borrowing—from the Latin believed world. Thence comes also the occasional will to aphorism”(118). Find evidence that this influence from “the Latin thought world” in Wilder’s text. CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.9 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.3 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.11-12.3 note to Teachers: The complying with informational prompts require far-ranging additional study and/or reading. 11. In the foreword to the novel, Russell financial institutions asserts that, “Wilder’s sentences are elegant, however never self-admiring, exquisitely balanced, yet no overformal, and complex, without being elaborate. They room closer in construction and diction come Hawthorne’s sentences than to those of Wilder’s well known contemporaries, Hemingway, Fitzgerald, Faulkner, and Don Passos.” (xv) create a thoughtful analysis of Wilder’s style, compare his layout with among the authors who financial institutions mentions. CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.9 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.9a 12. Russell financial institutions notes the The leg of san Luis Rey is written v “an aphoristic style, resembling that of wisdom-literature” (xv). Study the qualities of wisdom-literature and also prepare a multimedia presentation giving review of the genre. Include an explanation of the characteristics of wisdom-literature, instances from classic and also more modern works, and also an explanation that why Wilder’s novel can be categorized in this genre. CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.7 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.8 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.9 13. In his novel, Wilder observes: “Peru had actually passed within fifty year from a frontier state to a state in renaissance. Its interest in music and also the theatre was intense.”(68-9) research Peruvian art and also culture. Just how does it borrow native Spanish traditions? In what ways is that unique? together a class, organize a celebration event of Peruvian culture, utilizing Wilder’s message as inspiration. CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.7 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.8 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.11-12.1a-d 14. Tappan Wilder defines the editorial purpose of the Afterword in his editor’s note: “We hope the this Afterword fulfills a valuable mission: to open up helpful, also arresting windows on the birth, reception, history, and future of a literary classic”(109). Pick one that these aspects of the novel and also complete additional research top top the birth, reception, history, and future the The leg of san Luis Rey. Develop an informational video clip about her discoveries. CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.7 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.11-12.2 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.11-12.5 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.11-12.6 15. Wilder drew on a rich understanding of civilization literature and background when he composed his novel. As a part of the education of the orphans Manuel and Esteban, the Abbess speak the guys “stories about the Cid and also Judas Maccabeus and the thirty-six misfortunes of Harlequin”(41). Research one of these stories and also create one informational presentation summarizing the story and also explaining why the Abbess would have actually thought the was crucial to share v the twins. CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.7 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.9 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.4 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.5 16. Critics have listed the affect of The leg of san Luis Rey in several various other works, consisting of John Hersey’s Hiroshima, David Russell’s Cloud Atlas, and Ayn Rand’s Atlas Shrugged. Analyze Wilder’s affect on one of these works. CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.9 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.9a 17. In 2009, 2 works by Thornton Wilder, The bridge of mountain Luis Rey and also Our Town, were preferred to be check out together as a component of the national Endowment for the Arts huge Read program. The NEA explained this an option by writing: “Only ~ contemplating this timeless stories side by side do we begin to find the signature they share: an appreciation for life’s preciousness in the zero of eternity.” read Our Town and compare Wilder’s play come The leg of san Luis Rey. The NEA’s huge Read guide will it is in a helpful resource for your exploration. CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.9 CCSS. ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.9a 18. Review Wilder’s lecture, “On reading the good Letter Writers” on pages 133-138. What walk this lecture reveal about the influence of letters, and specifically the letters of Mme. De Sévigné ~ above The leg of san Luis Rey? study the life and also writing of madame de Sévigné and create an informative presentation highlighting an essential details of she biography and analyzing the content of several of her most significant letters. CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.7 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.9 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.11-12.2 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.11-12.4A T E AC H ER ’ S G U ns D E T O T H O R N T O N W i L D E R ’S T H E B R identifier G E O F SA N LU IS R E Y12ARGUMENTATION PROMPTS CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.1 (a-e) Write arguments to support insurance claims in an analysis of substantive topics or texts, making use of valid reasoning and also relevant and also sufficient evidence. 1. In the foreword to the novel, Russell financial institutions explains that Thornton Wilder described the main question raised by The leg of mountain Luis Rey in this way: “Is there a direction and an interpretation in lives past the individual’s very own will? (xi)” how do you think the novel answers this question? support your answer with closely chosen assistance from the text. CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.9 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.2 2. Wilder writes: “Either us live through accident and die by accident, or us live by plan and die through plan”(7). Perform you think that our lives are controlled by fate? debate this inquiry as a class, using The bridge of mountain Luis Rey and also other works of literature you have read to support your position. CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.9 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.11-12.1a-d 3. In his conversation of the Marquesa de Montemayor’s inner struggle through faith, Wilder writes: “But quickly a belief in the an excellent Perhaps would surge increase from the depth of she nature and she would fairly run home to renew the candles above her daughter’s bed”(32). (This idea of the “great Perhaps” is also a main motif in john Green’s famous YA novel trying to find Alaska.) create an essay experimenting your own questions about, endure with, and/or feelings regarding the ide of a “great Perhaps.” do you, like the Marquesa, believe in a great Perhaps? CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.9 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.4 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.5 4. Is the ever feasible for two civilization to love each other equally? In the section of the novel about Manuel and Esteban, Wilder writes: “Now he found that mystery from i m sorry one never ever quite recovers, that even in the most perfect love one human being loves much less profoundly 보다 the other”(45). Execute you agree or disagree v this statement? compose a persuasive essay in assistance of her position. CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.9 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.4 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.5 5. Uncle Pio believes that love is pain, yet that this pain is a important rite that passage: “He concerned love together a sort of cruel malady v which the selected are forced to happen in their late youth and from which castle emerge, pale and also wrung, but ready because that the company of living”(83). Execute you agree or disagree through his position? discuss this question in a Socratic seminar. CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.9 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.11-12.1a-d 6. Scientists, theologians, artists, and also philosophers have actually examined questions around the visibility of a magnificent being and also the function that a creator can play in the universe. Wilder examines this question in his novel when he observes, “Some say that we shall never know and that to the gods us are favor the flies that the boys kill on a summer day, and some say, ~ above the contrary, that the very sparrows carry out not lose a feather that has not been brushed far by the finger the God”(9). What role, if any, carry out you think God theatre in the day-to-day lives the individuals? compose a persuasive speech that explains and makes a convincing and also well-supported debate in favor of her position. CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.9 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.11-12.4 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.11-12.4 7. Once Camila contracts a disfiguring disease, the public response is one of schadenfreude fairly than empathy. “Several hundred various other persons had actually the small-pox also, however popular interest and malignity were concentrated upon the actress. A wild expect ran about the town that the beauty would certainly be impaired that had permitted her to despise the course from i beg your pardon she sprang”(89). Why do you think human being enjoy watching the downfall that the rich and also famous? write an argumentation essay assessing this question. CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.7 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.9 8. Uncle Pio viewpoints his relationship with his protégé Camila together one that requires “tough love.” he considers criticism essential for her development as an artist. (75) execute you think he is right to coach her in this way? create an argumentation essay about the role that criticism theatre in development. Is criticism ultimately a great or bad thing? CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.4 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.5 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.9 9. The end of every one of the varieties of love the Wilder explores in his novel, that reserves the sharpest criticism for sexual, or passionate love. He writes: “Such love , though it expends chin in generosity and thoughtfulness, though it provides birth toA T E AC H ER ’ S G U ns D E T O T H O R N T O N W i L D E R ’S T H E B R i would G E O F SA N LU IS R E Y13visions and great poetry, remains among the sharpest expressions of self-interest”(90). Do you agree or disagree with Wilder’s perspective? conflict this question as a class. CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.9 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.11-12.1a-d 10. “As the this creating in 2014, the jury stays out on even if it is The Bridge will certainly someday find its way from web page to phase or display in a commemorated adaptation”(118). Carry out you think that it is feasible to adapt Wilder’s novel for the phase or screen? What unique obstacles would a theatrical or cinematic adaptation face? might they be overcome? as an extension of this prompt, work with a group to adapt a quick scene from the novel into a 3-7 minute-long video. As a class, advice the efficiency of every adaptation. CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.9 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.11-12.1a-d CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.11-12.5 11. Jonathan Yardley composed in Washington Post: “There is naught to death off a publication like being force-fed it, especially if the book is a complex moral fable that poses inquiries rather far progressed and complex for the teenaged mind”(115). Do you agree the the novel is “too advanced and complex” for a teenaged mind? create a letter come the editor daunting or agreeing with Yardley’s assertion. CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.4 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.5 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.9 12. Wilder claims that the church criticized brothers Juniper’s examination of the leg collapse: “The book being done dropped under the eyes of some judges and also was suddenly pronounced heretical. It was ordered come be shed in the square through its author”(101). Examine the novel in irradiate of this quote. What elements of the publication could be viewed as heretical? stage a mock trial because that this book, v one side accusing the book of heresy and also the other defending the text. CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.9 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.11-12.1a-d CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.11-12.3 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.11-12.6NARRATIVE PROMPTS CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.3 (a-e) create narratives to construct real or imagined experiences or events using reliable technique, well-chosen details, and well-structured occasion sequences. 1. Among the types of love that Wilder examines in his novel is brotherly love. In the ar of the novel that concentrates on the relationship between Manuel and also Esteban he writes: “All the civilization was remote and also strange and hostile other than one’s brother”(44). Write a an individual essay the considers this quote in the context of your very own relationship through a sibling. How has your relationship impacted your life? CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.4 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.5 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.9 2. Wilder examines the influence that the advent of romantic love has actually on the relationship between twins Manuel and Esteban and also observes, “But at critical the very first shadow fell throughout this unity and that shadow was the love the women”(44). Think about a time that a romantic connection came between you and a friend and also compose a stare essay that recounts how your partnership was changed. CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.4 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.5 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.9 3. Wilder writes: “We come from a human being where we have actually known incredible criter of excellence, and also we dimly mental beauties i m sorry we have actually not seized again; and we go back to that world” (76). Think around a time when you were moved or touch by other beautiful and also compose a rigid essay describing your experience. (Note come teachers: If her students are acquainted with intuitive essays, this is terrific visual essay topic) CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.4 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.5 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.9 4. Brothers Juniper desperately wants to uncover a logical, clinical explanation that supports his id system, however this pursuit proves more an overwhelming than he imagined. “The discrepancy between faith and the facts is greater than is typically assumed”(99). Take into consideration a time when you thought in something also though girlfriend did not have facts to assistance your belief and compose a personal narrative describing her experience. CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.4 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.5 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.9 5. Wilder observes, “There are some poems around the accident, classics to be discovered in every Peruvian anthology, however the genuine literary monument is brother Juniper’s book” (97). Since the leg collapse in Wilder’s novel is fictional, and there are noA T E AC H ER ’ S G U ns D E T O T H O R N T O N W i L D E R ’S T H E B R i would G E O F SA N LU IS R E Y14actual poems around it. Produce your own commemorative poem about the bridge collapse, making use of details native The leg of san Luis Rey. CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.5 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.9 6. On web page 86, Wilder includes a vivid and also evocative descriptive i describing the setting: “The French gardens were at the southern finish of the town. Behind them rose the greater Andes and also before lock there to be a parapet overlooking a deep valley and overlooking wave after wave of hills that stretched toward the Pacific. It to be the hour when bats paris low and the smaller animals play recklessly underfoot…”(86) using Wilder’s passage as a model, write your own thorough narrative relenten a place that you have visited. Use particular details and figurative language to include depth to your description. CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.5 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.9 7. Consider this quote: “Surely friend must have tried books that friend weren’t ready to read, in those years before you lived a life and also could carry that life back to the book”(114). Have you ever been assigned a publication that you just didn’t “get”? Why carry out you think you to be unable to appreciate the text? create a item of reflective writing around your suffer with the text. Exactly how do girlfriend think life experiences might adjust your knowledge of the book? CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.4 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.5 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.9 8. In Thornton Wilder’s lecture “On reading the an excellent Letter Writers,” that writes, “Art is a confession; art is the secret told. Art itself is a letter created to suitable mind, to a dreamed-of audience”(134). Think about yourself as the audience for Thornton Wilder’s work and write a letter to him informing him about yourself and also including a thoughtful reflection around how reading the novel impacted you. CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.4 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.5 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.9Links of interest The Thornton Wilder family Official Website The Thornton Wilder Society. Academic site dedicated to Thornton Wilder NEA: The big Read. Teaching materials for our Town and The leg of san Luis Rey The Thornton Wilder Papers, Yale UniversityBooks of attention The Selected letters of Thornton Wilder edited by Robin G. Wilder and Jackson R. Bryer Thornton Wilder: A Life by Penelope Niven Thornton Wilder and also the Puritan Narrative legacy by Lincoln KonkleA T E AC H ER ’ S G U ns D E T O T H O R N T O N W ns L D E R ’S T H E B R identifier G E O F SA N LU IS R E Y15Works by Thornton Wilder NOVELS The leg of mountain Luis Rey Foreword by Russell banks The Cabala and also The mrs of Andros: two Novels Foreword by Penelope Niven The Eighth day Foreword by man Updike Heaven’s My location Foreword by J. D. McClatchy The Ides of march Foreword by kurt Vonnegut, Jr. Theophilus north Foreword by Christopher Buckley PLAYS ours Town: A beat in 3 Acts Foreword by Donald Margulies The Skin that Our this Foreword by Paula Vogel 3 Plays: ours Town, The Skin of our Teeth, The Matchmaker Foreword by john GuareAbout This Guide’s author Amy Jurskis is the author of numerous teaching guides, including The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks through Rebecca Skloot and also American Tapestry by Rachel Swarns. She holds a B.A.

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In English native the college of Georgia and also a MAT from Agnes Scott College. A previous department chair because that language arts in a title one public institution in Atlanta, she currently serves as a chairperson that curriculum and also English teacher in ~ Oxbridge Academy that the Palm Beaches.