What is Multiplication?

Multiplication, among the four basic operations of arithmetic, provides the an outcome of combining teams of same sizes.

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Here each group has 3 ice creams, and there space two together groups. So, there room 2 time 3 or 3 + 3 or 6 ice cream creams in total. In other words, multiplication is repeated addition.

Multiplication is represented by the indicators cross ‘×’, asterisk ‘*’ or dot ‘·’. When we multiply two numbers, the prize we get is dubbed ‘product’. The number of objects in each group is referred to as ‘multiplicand,’ and also the number of such equal teams is referred to as ‘multiplier’.

For example:

3 × 7 = 7 + 7 + 7 = 21

5 × 6 = 6 + 6 + 6 + 6 + 6 = 30


In the offered image, 4 flowers have 8 petals each. To uncover the total number of petals, we deserve to multiply the variety of flowers by the number of petals in each flower. Thus, the multiplicand is 8, the multiplier is 4, and also the product is 4 × 8 or 32. The is, there space 32 petals in all.


Multiplication using number line

Representing a multiplication explain on a number line have the right to be excellent by acquisition jumps the multiplier variety of times, that size identical to the multiplicand native zero.

For example:

4 × 2 = 8


Properties the multiplication

Commutative Property: once we multiply two numbers, the order doesn’t matter. Because that numbers a and b, a × b = b × a.

Associative Property: for numbers a, b, and also c, (a × b) × c = a × (b × c).

Distributive Property: because that numbers a, b, and also c, a × (b + c) = (a × b) + (a × c).

See more: How Many Arrangements Of 3 Digits Can Be Formed From The Digits 0 Through 9?

Fun Facts:

If we multiply a number by 1, the product stays the same number. 1 is the identity aspect under multiplication.If us multiply a number by 0, the product is zero.